Packaging using gbp

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gbp or git-buildpackage is a utility that supports maintaining a Debian/Ubuntu package in git. It takes care of a lot of the details and ensures consistency and correctness.

A gbp-compatible repository has two main branches:

  1. upstream
  2. master

The upstream branch is used to store the content of successive upstream ('orig') tarballs, and each upstream release is tagged.

The master branch is forked from upstream and adds the debian/ directory. It has tags for each package release.

When a new upstream version is integrated, the upstream branch is merged into master.

There's usually also a pristine-tar branch that's used in conjunction with upstream to recreate exact copies of the original upstream tarballs.