Packaging is the process by which pieces of software are turned into installable "packages" for various Linux distributions (and other systems, such as Mac OS X and OLPC).
There are two aspects to this:
- Initial creation of the package
- Ongoing maintenance as a result of
- Upstream upgrades
- Distro upgrades
In this context, "upstream" refers to the original source of the software, before it is packaged. Usually this will be a developer's tarball or source-control repo.
Once a package has been created, the control files that are used to describe and build the package can be re-used for the ongoing maintenance work with very little extra effort. Initial creation and ongoing maintenance may therefore be done by different people.
On this wiki:
- A tutorial for making packages for Debian-based systems (especially Ubuntu).