Difference between revisions of "Install and use Monodevelop"

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(Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick and 11.04 Natty: Add note about Universe and Multiverse)
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===Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick and 11.04 Natty===
===Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick and 11.04 Natty===
Install the following packages: <code>monodevelop monodevelop-debugger-gdb monodevelop-debugger-mdb monodevelop-nunit monodevelop-python</code>
Install the following packages: <code>monodevelop monodevelop-debugger-gdb monodevelop-debugger-mdb monodevelop-nunit monodevelop-python</code>. You will need to enable ''Universe'' and ''Multiverse'' in your software sources (eg via '''Settings ‣ Repositories''' in Synaptic).
Monodevelop will use mono in <code>/usr/local</code> by default and not work. Work around this by doing the following:
Monodevelop will use mono in <code>/usr/local</code> by default and not work. Work around this by doing the following:

Revision as of 13:18, 6 April 2012

Instructions to install and use Monodevelop (http://monodevelop.com/) to edit FieldWorks code.


Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick and 11.04 Natty

Install the following packages: monodevelop monodevelop-debugger-gdb monodevelop-debugger-mdb monodevelop-nunit monodevelop-python. You will need to enable Universe and Multiverse in your software sources (eg via Settings ‣ Repositories in Synaptic).

Monodevelop will use mono in /usr/local by default and not work. Work around this by doing the following:

  1. Do one of the following:
    • In Ubuntu 10.10 or classic Gnome, right-click the Gnome panel and choose Add to Panel.... Click Custom Application Launcher. Click Add.
    • In Ubuntu 11.04 in Unity, right-click the desktop and choose Create Launcher...
  2. In the Create Launcher dialog, in the Name box type monodevelop
  3. In the Command box, paste in all as one line: (And if using git-p4, change p4repo/Calgary/FW_7.0 to gp/Calgary/FW70)
    bash -c 'PATH=/usr/bin:$PATH; export FIELDWORKS_ENVIRON="$HOME/p4repo/Calgary/FW_7.0/environ"; monodevelop'
  4. Click the icon on the left in the Create Launcher dialog.
  5. If not already depressed, click the pencil icon to reveal the Location box. In the Location box paste /usr/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/monodevelop.svg and click Open.
  6. Click OK.
  7. In Ubuntu 10.10, close the Add to Panel dialog if open.

Wrapper script

Install wrapper script so running and debugging FieldWorks in monodevelop uses the FieldWorks environment:

$ cd && [ ! -d fieldworks-build ] && git clone git://git.lsdev.sil.org/fieldworks-build.git
$ cd ~/fieldworks-build
fieldworks-build$ [ ! -e /usr/local/bin/mono-real ] && 
  (sudo cp /usr/local/bin/mono{,-real} && 
   sudo cp "mono-fw" /usr/local/bin/mono)


Configure monodevelop:

  1. Launch monodevelop using the custom Gnome panel icon.
  2. Choose Edit > Preferences.
  3. Under Preferences, click .NET Runtimes.
  4. Click Mono 2.8.1 (/usr/local) and click Set as Default. Click OK.

If ibus is running, there is a problem when using the arrow keys in MonoDevelop on Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick. They switch to the next control instead of moving the cursor in the current document (see https://bugzilla.novell.com/show_bug.cgi?id=636009). This seems to be related to ibus. A workaround is to right-click in the text window and select Input Method: None. This needs to be done in each new text window though.

Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic and 10.04 Lucid


To upgrade an existing monodevelop-new to a newer version:

  • Remove old monodevelop-new:
$ sudo rm /opt/monodevelop-new -rf
  • Update and run build-monodevelop script:
$ cd ~/fieldworks-build
fieldworks-build$ git pull
fieldworks-build$ export http_proxy=http://proxy.example.com:1234 # Optionally set proxy to help wget
fieldworks-build$ sudo aptitude update
fieldworks-build$ ./build-monodevelop


Build and install monodevelop and its dependencies into /opt/monodevelop-new:

~$ git clone git://git.lsdev.sil.org/fieldworks-build.git
~$ cd fieldworks-build
fieldworks-build$ export http_proxy=http://proxy.example.com:1234 # Optionally set proxy to help wget
fieldworks-build$ sudo aptitude update
fieldworks-build$ ./build-monodevelop

To uninstall monodevelop-new in the future:

$ sudo rm /opt/monodevelop-new -rf
$ sudo rm /usr/bin/monodevelop-new


Configure monodevelop to use the FieldWorks mono for building, running, and debugging FieldWorks:

  1. Install wrapper script:
    fieldworks-build$ sudo cp /usr/local/bin/mono{,-real}
    fieldworks-build$ sudo cp mono-fw /usr/local/bin/mono
  2. Run monodevelop-new:
    $ monodevelop-new
  3. Choose EditPreferences.
  4. Under Preferences, click .NET Runtimes. Click Add.
  5. Browse to /usr/local and click Select Folder (or Open). Select the new Mono that you added to the list, which names the folder you selected such as "Mono 2.7 (/usr/local)", and click Set as Default. Click OK.
  6. Choose FileQuit.
  7. Run monodevelop-new this way:
    $ export FIELDWORKS_ENVIRON="/home/path/to/Calgary/WW/environ"
    $ monodevelop-new

To uninstall wrapper script in the future:

$ sudo mv /usr/local/bin/mono{-real,}

Enable use from GUI

To run monodevelop-new without using the command-line, do the following:

  1. Right-click the Gnome panel and choose Add to Panel...
  2. Click Custom Application Launcher. Click Add.
  3. In the Name box, type monodevelop-new
  4. In the Command box, modify as appropriate for your system and paste in all as one line:
    bash -c 'export FIELDWORKS_ENVIRON="/home/REPLACE/WITH/YOUR/PATH/TO/Calgary/WW/environ"; monodevelop-new'
  5. Click the icon on the left in the Create Launcher dialog.
  6. Do one of the following:
    • In Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid, in the Choose an icon dialog, navigate to and select /opt/monodevelop-new/monodevelop/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/monodevelop.svg. Click Open.
    • In Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic, in the Browse icons dialog, paste this into the text box at the top and then click OK:
  7. Click OK.


Specified Default Runtime not being used

If running Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick and MonoDevelop 2.8, and running FieldWorks from terminal works but running from MonoDevelop shows a FieldWorks yellow crash dialog box with a message "Msg: Method not found: 'System.Windows.Forms.Control.IgnoreUpdates'", it may be that MonoDevelop (running using a mono in /opt/mono) is using the Mono GAC in /opt/mono rather than the Mono GAC and libraries in /usr/local/mono, even if /usr/local/mono is selected as the Default Runtime.

Seen in the Application Autput window in monodevelop: Loaded assembly: /opt/mono-2.10/lib/mono/gac/System.Windows.Forms/

Set MONO_GAC_PREFIX to /usr/local/lib/mono in the Solution/Options/Run/General Environment Variables. This appears to fix the problem.

Use Monodevelop with FieldWorks

Editing code

There is not a global solution file. To edit code in a project:

  • Check Out the project's directory from p4v.
  • Open the csproj project file in monodevelop.

If you only have anonymous access to the Perforce repository and cannot Check Out files, you could manually chmod u+w the files you want to edit, or use git-p4.

Integrating with VCS

Monodevelop does not currently automatically check out files from Perforce before attempting to edit them. And it is unable to edit checked out files since they are read-only. Use p4v to check out a project and its files before attempting to edit them.

While Monodevelop 2.2.1 successfully uses and edits .csproj files, it seems to delete a few things as well that Visual Studio may find useful. When committing .csproj files with meaningful changes, consider not committing unnecessary <Reference> reordering or the deletions of sections such as:

-    <ApplicationIcon>
-    </ApplicationIcon>
-    <AssemblyOriginatorKeyFile>
-    </AssemblyOriginatorKeyFile>

-    <StartupObject>
-    </StartupObject>

-    <AllowUnsafeBlocks>false</AllowUnsafeBlocks>
-    <CheckForOverflowUnderflow>false</CheckForOverflowUnderflow>

-    <NoStdLib>false</NoStdLib>
-    <NoWarn>
-    </NoWarn>

-    <TreatWarningsAsErrors>false</TreatWarningsAsErrors>

-    <DebugSymbols>false</DebugSymbols>

If you use git-p4 (and so your csproj files are writable) and monodevelop makes undesired modifications to all of your open csproj files, you can revert all .csproj file changes by running a command such as

Calgary/WW/Src$ find -name \*csproj -print0 | xargs -0 git checkout


Building projects works from within monodevelop.

You can also build from terminal using nant (see Build_FieldWorks#Subsequent_builds_should_be_built_by_doing:).

If building in monodevelop says something like

Build failed. Access to the path ".../Calgary/WW/Lib/debug/ECInterfaces.dll" or ".../Calgary/WW/Output/Debug/ECInterfaces.dll" is denied.

then do

Output/Debug$ chmod u+w *

and build again.


Debugging C# and C++ code works in monodevelop. Sometimes when you debug a GUI program and reach a breakpoint, monodevelop might freeze. To avoid this, you can have the program run inside a Xephyr window. To do this, start Xephyr:

$ Xephyr :2 -screen 1024x768 &
$ DISPLAY=:2 metacity &

And in monodevelop, right-click the startup project, and click Options. Under Run, click General. In the Environment Variables section, add a Variable "DISPLAY" and a Value ":2". Now when you Run or Debug this project, it will display the program in your Xephyr window. Remember not to check in this setting of DISPLAY in the csproj.

Currently (20100412), the debugger in MonoDevelop 2.2.1 does not work with the latest mono in mono-calgary.git (commit 0fc6db6), and gives an error:

Unhandled error launching soft debugger
Mono.Debugger.Soft.VMDisconnectedException: Exception of type 'Mono.Debugger.Soft.VMDisconnectedException' was thrown.

To reset your mono-calgary.git back to a mono version that is compatible with the debugger in MonoDevelop 2.2.1, do (note that this will delete any changes you have made in mono-calgary) (Note that this is probably not necessary with the current 20101008 mono-calgary):

mono-calgary$ git reset --hard d7222b2b8e58b6488e21ca2bd65fd6e1e4b8f126
mono-calgary$ ./checkout-and-build-mono

When debugging, if Monodevelop freezes, you may be able to get it back. Go to the terminal from which you started Monodevelop. It may say something like

[6]+  Stopped                 monodevelop

If so, try running:

$ fg

Unit tests

Unit tests ran be run and debugged using monodevelop. To show the unit tests of your open projects, choose View > Unit Tests.

You can also run unit tests from terminal using nant and nunit (see Build_FieldWorks#Unit_tests).

When running unit tests in monodevelop, if you get the internal error:

FileNotFoundException: Could not load file or assembly 'nunit.core.interfaces ...' or one of its dependencies.


TypeLoadException: Could not load type 'NUnit.Core.NTrace' from assembly 'nunit.util'.

then for now do

Output/Debug$ rm nunit.core.dll

and try again.

If you get the error:

System.TypeLoadException: Could not load type 'NUnit.Core.TestCaseResult' from assembly 'nunit.core.interfaces, ...


Output/Debug$ rm nunit.core.interfaces.dll

If you get the error:

ConfigurationErrorsException: Type 'System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler' not found.

in, say, FwCoreDlgsTests, then edit the corresponding foo.dll.config in Output/Debug, such as Output/Debug/FwCoreDlgsTests.dll.config and change:

<section name="TestRunner" type="System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler"/>


<section name="TestRunner" type="System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler, System"/>

This can be done to all of the unit test dll.config files at once by doing:

Output/Debug$ for config in *Tests.dll.config; do sed -i $config -e \
  's@"System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler"@"System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler, System"@'

If running unit tests that derive from BaseTest produce a error such as

TestFixutreSetUp failed in FwFontDialogTests

then you may not have your default .NET runtime environment set properly. Refer to Install_and_use_Monodevelop#Configure for instructions. You may have recently rebuilt and reinstalled mono from mono-calgary.git; if so then you will need to setup the mono + mono-real wrapper script again.

Running and debugging FieldWorks in Monodevelop

To run or debug TE or Flex from Monodevelop:

  • In the Solution pane, right-click the solution and choose Add ▸ Add Existing Project. Navigate to and open Src/Common/FieldWorks/FieldWorks.csproj
  • Right-click the FieldWorks project and choose Options. Under Run click General. In the Parameters box, type "-proj .../Sena\ 2.xml -app Flex", where ".../Sena\ 2.xml" is a path to Sena 2.xml. Optionally substitute Flex with TE.
  • In the Environment Variables area, add a Variable "DISPLAY" with Value ":2". Click OK.
  • Right-click the FieldWorks project and choose Set As Startup Project.

Now if you Run or Debug, monodevelop will run or debug FieldWorks inside your :2 Xephyr window.

Debug a library

Unlike Visual Studio the project properties in Monodevelop don't have a Debug tab that would allow to specify an external program to start.

However, this can be done in the project properties, General/Custom Commands section. Add a project operation for "Execute" and select the executable there.

Note that you might have to specify the full path to the executable - at least on my machine a relative path didn't work when I tried to run NUnit as executable.

Debugging into Mono code

If you want to debug into mono code, you have to disable the debugging of project code only: in Monodevelop, go to Edit/Preferences, Debugger/General section and unselect "Debug project code only".

Old installation method

This is the old installation method, which used the same mono to run monodevelop and FieldWorks.

Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid

Lucid instructions are still in progress.

$ sudo aptitude install monodevelop monodevelop-debugger-gdb monodevelop-debugger-mdb \
  monodevelop-nunit monodevelop-python

Since you will be using a mono installed in /usr/local, follow the Ubuntu 9.10 instructions to register assemblies in the /usr/local GAC, and also do:

$ for assembly in \
  /usr/lib/cli/glade-sharp-2.0/glade-sharp.dll \
  do sudo gacutil2 -gacdir /usr/local -i $assembly; done

Build and install gtk-sharp:

$ mkdir ~/monodevelop-2.2 && cd ~/monodevelop-2.2 &&
  wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/gtk-sharp212/gtk-sharp-2.12.10.tar.bz2 &&
  tar xf gtk-sharp-2.12.10.tar.bz2 &&
  (cd gtk-sharp-2.12.10 && ./configure --prefix=/usr/local && make && sudo make install && sudo ldconfig)

Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic

Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic only has monodevelop 2.0, while Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid has monodevelop 2.2.1. To install Monodevelop 2.2 into Ubuntu 9.10 from source, follow these steps.



$ sudo aptitude install libncurses5-dev

Register some /usr/lib/mono assemblies into the /usr/local/lib/mono GAC:

$ for assembly in \
  /usr/lib/mono/gac/Mono.Addins.Setup/ \
  /usr/lib/mono/gac/Mono.Addins/ \
  /usr/lib/cli/gnome-sharp-2.24/gnome-sharp.dll \
  /usr/lib/mono/gtk-sharp-2.0/glade-sharp.dll \
  /usr/lib/cli/gnome-vfs-sharp-2.0/gnome-vfs-sharp.dll \
  do sudo gacutil2 -i $assembly; done

Download a bunch of monodevelop tar files:

$ mkdir monodevelop-2.2
$ cd monodevelop-2.2
monodevelop-2.2$ wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/monodevelop/monodevelop-2.2.1.tar.bz2 \
     http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/monodevelop-debugger-mdb/monodevelop-debugger-mdb-2.2.1.tar.bz2 \
     http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/monodevelop-debugger-gdb/monodevelop-debugger-gdb-2.2.1.tar.bz2 \
     http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/monodevelop-python/monodevelop-python-2.2.tar.bz2 \

Extract them all:

monodevelop-2.2$ for f in *.bz2; do tar xf $f; done

Build and install them all:

monodevelop-2.2$ for dir in \
  gtk-sharp-2.12.10 \
  monodevelop-2.2.1 \
  monodevelop-debugger-gdb-2.2.1 \
  monodevelop-debugger-mdb-2.2.1 \
  do (cd $dir && ./configure --prefix=/usr/local && make && sudo make install); done

Rebuild the shared library cache:

  sudo ldconfig